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Take care of your heart: Diabetes may independently lead to cardiac failure

Even without a cardiac structural abnormality, diabetic patients are at an increased risk of heart failure.

Last Updated: Jan 04, 2020, 06.41 PM IST
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Heart failure may be the result of a co-condition like hypertension or coronary heart disease, but not always.
WASHINGTON: Diabetes is an independent risk factor for the development of heart failure, according to a study which demonstrates that even without a cardiac structural abnormality, diabetic patients are at an increased chances of cardiac arrest.

According to the researchers, including those from Mayo Clinic, a US-based academic medical center, heart failure may be the result of a co-condition like hypertension, or coronary heart disease, but not always.

The study, published in the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings, examined the idea of diabetic cardiomyopathy and heart failure from the effects of diabetes alone.

As part of the study, the scientists evaluated the long-term impact of diabetes on the development of heart failure, both with preserved ejection fraction -- a measurement of the percentage of blood leaving the heart with each contraction -- and reduced ejection fraction.

They also assessed the deaths in a community population, controlling for hypertension, coronary artery disease and diastolic function.

The researchers matched 116 study participants with diabetes were compared for age, hypertension, sex, coronary artery disease, and heart relaxation dysfunction, with 232 participants without diabetes.

Over the 10-year follow-up period, they found that nearly a fifth of the participants with diabetes developed heart failure, independent of other causes, compared to only 12 per cent of patients without diabetes who developed heart failure.

According to the study, cardiac death, heart attack and stroke were not statistically different between the two groups.

"The key takeaway is that diabetes mellitus alone is an independent risk factor for the development of heart failure. Our hope is that this study provides a strong foundation for further investigations into diabetes and heart failure. There is still much to learn and study in terms of this association and how to best diagnose and treat this condition," said study co-author Horng Chen from Mayo Clinic.

Want To Keep Diabetes Away? Eat Walnuts, Apples, Carrots

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Foods For Diabetics

14 Nov, 2018
While being active, staying hydrated, and checking blood glucose levels can work wonders, it is important to stick to a dietary plan that will ward off diabetes in the long run. A recent study showed that antioxidant-rich walnuts can nearly halve the risk of developing Type-2 diabetes. For patients, the ideal diabetic diet plan would be to have 1200-1600 calories per day. It is recommended that diabetics should eat good carbs, fats, and healthy proteins, but in small portions. Doctors and dieticians share ultimate list of foods you must consume to stay healthy. Also read: The comprehensive diabetes guide

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