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What is Sleeveballoon? New device that can treat Type 2 diabetes, obesity

diabetes_iStock
The effect on diabetes was impressive with blood glucose levels dropping by 65%.
LONDON: Researchers have found that a newly tested medical device, called "Sleeveballoon", mimics the effects of traditional bariatric surgery in rodents and produces impressive results on body weight, fatty liver and diabetes control.

Sleeveballoon is a device that combines a balloon with a connected sleeve, which covers the initial parts of the small intestine. It is inserted into the stomach and bowel during minimally invasive surgery under general anaesthetic.

For the study, published in the journal EBioMedicine, researchers compared the effects of the Sleeveballoon and traditional bariatric surgery on 30 rodents fed with a high-fat diet, achieving very similar results.

Results were also compared to rats, with the new device reducing food intake by 60 per cent and resulting in a 57 per cent reduction in fat mass.

The effect on diabetes was similarly impressive with blood glucose levels dropping by 65 per cent.

Sleeveballoon device.
The Sleeveballoon device consists in a gastric balloon traversed by a channel that permits the passage of a limited amount of food. The channel continues with a duodenal sleeve, which prevents the contact of food with the duodenal mucosa.

"Gastric bypass surgery is a highly effective treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, very few eligible patients, only around one per cent, are offered surgery and some also prefer less invasive approaches," said study's lead author Geltrude Mingrone, Professor at King's College London.

During the study, the research team found that the metabolic effects of the Sleeveballoon device are similar to those of the gastric bypass but have distinct advantages over the traditional method.

In both, insulin sensitivity and heart functions improved.

"However, while gastric bypass causes a rapid rise in post food blood glucose levels which can cause hypoglycaemia, the Sleeveballoon induces a slowing down of digestion which has a steadying effect on blood sugar levels," Mingrone said.

"This helps control appetite and hunger, keeping the person fuller for longer and substantially reduces weight," he added.

Want To Keep Diabetes Away? Eat Walnuts, Apples, Carrots

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Foods For Diabetics

14 Nov, 2018
While being active, staying hydrated, and checking blood glucose levels can work wonders, it is important to stick to a dietary plan that will ward off diabetes in the long run. A recent study showed that antioxidant-rich walnuts can nearly halve the risk of developing Type-2 diabetes. For patients, the ideal diabetic diet plan would be to have 1200-1600 calories per day. It is recommended that diabetics should eat good carbs, fats, and healthy proteins, but in small portions. Doctors and dieticians share ultimate list of foods you must consume to stay healthy. Also read: The comprehensive diabetes guide
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