India inches towards naval dominance
9 Sindhughosh (Kilo) class of Russian origin
4 Shishumar (HDW 209) class of German origin
2 Kalvari (Scorpene) class of French origin
1 Arihant class nuclear-armed: Indigenous
1 Chakra class nuclear-powered from Russia
Conventional vs Nuclear
The nuclearpowered one like ‘Chakra’ can remain underwater for weeks as they generate their own oxygen.
In pic: INS Chakra
India needs 6 such submarines, categorised as Project 75I (I is for India).
AIP ADVANTAGE: Technology on offer from Russia, France and Germany.
The nextgen submarines will be able to travel undetected virtually across the Arabian Sea and deep into the Indian Ocean. This will give them the ability to surprise enemy ships far from shore, enforce trade blockade at vital ports and strike both land and sea targets.
In pic: INS Khanderi
Make in India
In pic: INS Kalavari
Strategic Partnership Model
In pic: INS Karanj
In pic: INS Vagli Submarine
If things go as per plan, the first Indian-built AIP submarine could be ready for commissioning by 2027.
In pic: A nuclear submarine passing by Visakhapatnam Coast.
Indian entities will choose foreign collaborators and formulate a techno-commercial proposal for the Navy.
Navy to carry out all required tests and evaluations to determine if the two proposals are technically valid.
Proposals to go to the next stage of commercial evaluation.
Lowest bidder will then be awarded contract.
In pic: An Indian navy's submarine and a ship are seen during a the Fleet Review (PFR-11) in Mumbai.