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WPI inflation eases to near 2-year low at 2.02% in June

The Wholesale Price Index (WPI)-based inflation was at 2.45 per cent in May. It was 5.68 per cent in June 2018.

Updated: Jul 16, 2019, 07.05 AM IST
WPI inflation eases to near 2-year low at 2.02% in June
WPI inflation eases to near 2-year low at 2.02% in June
NEW DELHI: Wholesale inflation cooled to a 23-month low of 2.02% in June from 2.45% in May as prices rose at a slower pace for vegetables and manufactured products, and dropped for fuel and power, leading economists to reiterate their expectations of a rate cut next month.

Inflation in vegetables softened to 24.76% in the past month from 33.15% in May and in manufactured items to 0.94% from 1.28%, data from the commerce and industry ministry showed on Monday.

Fuel and power wholesale prices shrank 2.2% in June from a year ago from an expansion of 0.98% the previous month.

The government revised the wholesale inflation for April to 3.24% from the provisional rate of 3.07% announced earlier.

“The dip in the WPI inflation to a 23-month low in June was led by a favourable base effect, lower crude oil prices, as well as the decline in core inflation to below 1%, highlighting the lack of pricing power, and offsetting the concern generated by firm food inflation,” said Aditi Nayar, principal economist at ratings firm Icra.


The core wholesale inflation— which covers non-food manufacturing — eased to a 31-month low at 0.8% in June, extending its fall to a third straight month, pointing to the weak pricing power of producers. As per Indranil Pan, group economist at IDFC Bank, lower inflation in chemicals and basic metals would provide an input cost benefit to manufacturers and keep retail inflation in check.

The wholesale price of basic metals fell 3.72% in June from a year earlier. Inflation in manufactured slowed to 1.45% in June from 5.5% in May. A pickup in the monsoon and sowing in the past week has eased concerns related to the outlook for food prices in the immediate term, Nayar said.

Softening WPI has reinforced the expectations of a further rate cut by the central bank, which has cut rates thrice in the last six months by a quarter percentage point each. chemicals and chemical products “The WPI data has reinforced our expectation of an imminent rate cut, especially given the dip in core inflation at both the retail and wholesale level,” Nayar said.

Pan of IDFC Bank also predicted another rate cut in August and said transmission of the rate cut was of key importance. “We have seen only a little bit of pass through (of the rate cuts) to the manufacturing segment and the general economy. The RBI will unfortunately not be able to do much on transmission immediately. The transmission will be lagged,” said Pan.

Also Read

WPI inflation slips to 3.07% in April on cheaper manufacturing products

WPI inflation in July slips to 25-month low of 1.08 per cent on cheaper food items, fuel

WPI inflation rises to 3.18% in March on costlier food & fuel

Government sets up working group to revise WPI, give roadmap to shift to PPI

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