The government has been intervening, at regular intervals, to pump prime the economy. Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced new measures to boost economy and rolled back those which soured investor sentiment. The economy, which hit a trough in the second quarter, is expected to see some revival in the second half of this fiscal.
The RBI has kept easing the interest rates to aid economic growth. After consecutively cutting interest rates by 135 basis points, it paused in December to allow previous rate cuts to optimise and show effect and watch the trajectory of inflation which has been steadily creeping up.
But, experts have suggested that the RBI's intervention can't be the sole driver of economic growth. The government needs to intervene by ramping up capital expenditure. Recently, the government unveiled a National Infrastructure Pipeline announcing projects worth Rs 102 lakh crores. This could just be the booster shot needed to spur investment in the economy. The first advance estimates pegged investment growth at just 1 per cent in the current fiscal. That's down from 10 per cent in the previous year.
A recent report suggested that the government could curb expenditure as worries over meeting the fiscal deficit target mount in the light of subdued tax collection. Revenue mobilisation could pose a challenge in its pursuit of meeting the ambitious infrastructure goal it has set for itself.
Last year's Economic Survey spoke of a virtuous cycle kicking in with revival in private investment. The government cut the corporate tax rate to allow that virtuous cycle to take effect at the earliest. But, according to economists, revival in private investments will take time as corporates struggle to clean up their balance sheets.
The surest way to let that virtuous cycle to kick in is to ramp up government expenditure ignoring the fiscal deficit targets for the time being. Madan Sabnavis of CARE Ratings feels that " government should skip the fiscal path of prudence and make a more realistic budget that focuses single-mindedly on growth".
The upcoming Budget could well be the moment to put India on a stronger growth footing. Increased capital expenditure by the government to fix key infrastructure bottlenecks can help in crowding in private investments at a time when India Inc is in a wait and watch mode. The finance minister can change that stance in the upcoming Budget.
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2 Comments on this Story
Gopalakrishnan Krishnan384 days ago
Improve administration and accountability among Institutions and bureaucrats. Economy will improve by itself. Also improve the data collection on all economic and commercial activities in and around the country first and activities having links internationally. Informal economy is flourishing everywhereis a fact to be admitted and tracked.
Jayeshkumar Panchal385 days ago
It is not really the Budget, It is Government of India's `Hide and Seek' on how it want India to address the Huge Energy or oil Consumption, as well as the issue of Air Pollution, Climate change and Global Warming. (or if India would be following the American Model and EVs, or our own Indian Model that would use Energy Saving BS-6/Euro-6 Transmission, which can be used on All the Automobiles, Conventional or Non-Electric as well as the Electric to reduce their Energy footprint, ..or a Best Combination suitable for our unique need (80% Oil Import!) and our Stop and Go Traffic situation).