Govt implements e-waste disposal scheme
The MoFE is implementing a scheme to provide financial assistance for setting up of integrated recycling facilities for e-waste on PPP mode.
Based on a survey carried out by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), it is estimated that 1.47 lakh metric tonne (MT) of e-waste was generated in the country in the year 2005. This is expected to increase to about 8.0 lakh MT by 2012.
Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi, Karnataka, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab are among top ten states generating about 70% of total e-waste. There are about 75 authorized and registered e-waste recyclers with recycling capacity of about 2.46 lakh MTA of e-waste.
According to the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Environment and Forests, Jayanthi Natarajan's written note in the parliament, the ministry has notified the e-Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011, for proper management and handling of e-waste that came into force from 1st May 2012.
As per these Rules, 'e-waste' means waste electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part or rejects from their manufacturing and repair process, which are intended to be discarded. The concept of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) has been enshrined in these rules.
As per these Rules the producers are required to collect e-waste generated from the end of life of their products by setting up collections centers or take back systems either individually or collectively. The e-waste recycling can be undertaken only in facilities authorized and registered with State Pollution Control Boards/Pollution Control Committees.
Waste generated is required to be sent or sold to a registered or authorized recycler or re-processor having environmentally sound facilities. The Guidelines for Environmentally Sound Management of e-waste published by CPCB provide the approach and methodology for environmentally sound management of e-waste. They provide approach for setting up collection mechanism, dismantling and recycling operations.