Migrants make up 70% of workforce in Surat, 50% in Ahmedabad: Study
Chinmay Tumbe, assistant professor of economics area at IIM-Ahmedabad, said that migrants make up about 70% of Surat’s workforce and 50% of Ahmedabad, higher than most of the major cities of India.
While for other cities of Gujarat the number is less, it is still substantial, he added. Tumbe’s book ‘India Moving: The History of Migration’ was published earlier this year.
“The major genesis is the Mulki-non Mulki conflict observed in Nizam-ruled Hyderabad in the 19th century with impacts lingering till the formation of Telangana state. Mumbai and Assam have been the other hotbeds of anti-migrant rhetoric and sentiment. But in most parts of India, it has not reared its ugly head in open confrontation,” he said, adding that friction can also be expressed in terms of delayed wage payments or provision of fewer social security benefits.
Tumbe said that historically Punjab and Gujarat have harboured fewer anti-migrant sentiments as they themselves are known to be migrating across the globe extensively. “The current anti-migrant hysteria will hopefully be short-lived,” he said.
Migrant workers who have a choice to migrate between Gujarat and Kerala prefer the latter because of better labour benefits. “Migrant friendly labour policies should be a priority for Gujarati enterprises to attract the best labour talent in the country that would enhance the firms’ performance,” said Tumbe.
(This article was originally published in The Times of India)