A fresh Government Order (GO) was issued on November 13, superseding previous directive on November 12, which imposed an immediate ban on sale and use of firecrackers following HC directions.
The revenue department issued the order in response to the Karnataka High Court’s observation on Thursday that the ban on bursting of conventional crackers was ineffective as the government had failed to define what green crackers were. The bench said lack of clarity would result in traders selling normal crackers under the garb of green crackers.
"Only licensed traders can sell firecrackers compliant with PESO prescribed standards. No e-commerce websites can accept any online orders," an order issued by the Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) said.
Delhi govt allows use of ‘green crackers’ on Diwali, to launch anti-firecracker campaign from Nov 3: Gopal Rai
Delhi Environment Minister, Gopal Rai informed that Kejriwal-led government has decided to allow only the use, manufacture and sell of 'green crackers' on keeping in view of Diwali. Rai said, “Diwali is coming to a close and in the history of Delhi pollution level, stubble burning and Diwali contribute majorly in it. Hence, Delhi government has decided to allow only the use of 'green crackers'. Delhi government will also form 11 ‘anti-cracker squads’ and ‘anti-cracker campaign’ will start from November 03 and will continue even after Diwali. A strict action will be taken if any manufacturer, seller, stocks any other crackers except green crackers.”Delhi govt allows use of ‘green crackers’ on Diwali, to launch anti-firecracker campaign from Nov 3: Gopal Rai
On Friday, Yediyurappa announced that the state government will ban the use of firecrackers due to the Covid-19 pandemic, but an official press release from him later said green crackers were exempt from the ban. Sections of firework makers and traders said extensive publicity to the CM’s first statement on a cracker ban had left them in a spot.
A bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel clarified that the direction will apply to all cities and towns in the country where the average of ambient air quality during November 2019 was in 'poor' and above categories.
Senior BJP leader Vijay Goel on Sunday staged a dharna demanding that the Delhi government compensate traders who have suffered losses due to a ban on firecrackers. Goel said he was not against the ban but it should have been announced six months ago.
According to a research conducted by University of East Anglia (UEA) and University of Leeds, people skip green products because of doubts over performance ability associated with green products, whereby consumers perceive them as being less effective.
It has been a year since conventional crackers were banned. So to satisfy the demand for crackers, manufacturing licences were given to firework makers to make eco-friendly firecrackers which has limited options and it doesn't seem to be doing well in markets.
Green firecrackers are available now in the city. But their sale is sluggish because of their high price and the limited varieties on offer. Usually an animated market at this time of the year, Sadar Bazar is more sedate, with only a handful of traders stocking the permitted crackers. Most others, wary of losses like those they suffered last year after the Supreme Court banned regular firecrackers due to their adverse effect on air quality, have shifted to Diwali lights and decorations. Amid the uncertainty about the norms for selling the green crackers and the restricted supply, Delhi Police has received only around 45 applications for licences to stock and sell fireworks so far. The applicants have been asked to wait till October 6, when their antecedents will be scrutinised prior to issue of licences.
Trial of some samples was also conducted, PESO said, adding that the development would reduce the emission of pollutants PM 2.5 at least by 25-30 per cent.
Only reduced emission firecrackers like safe water and air sprinklers approved by the Petroleum and Explosive Safety Organisation (PESO) can be stocked or sold, police said.
A bench of Justices A K Sikri and Ashok Bhushan said firecrackers already produced can be sold in this festival season only in other parts of the country.
No firecracker can be absolutely pollution-free, but scientists at the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) have arrived at formulations which may well be categorised as ‘Green Crackers’ due to their substantially reduced emission levels and their ability to absorb dust. The formulations can even produce water molecules, which suppress dust and significantly reduce hazardous particulate matter.
One of the formulations can even produce water molecules, which suppress dust and significantly reduce hazardous particulate matter.
As per the court order, SHOs will be held liable if banned firecrackers are sold in their area.
Beyond the smoke and the stubble: Fighting Delhi's killer air needs sustainable, year-round solutions
While steps have to be taken on multiple fronts, improving air quality will require everyone to pitch in.
The “green” crackers have been tested for colour, smoke, brightness and particulate matter and are found to emit less smoke and noise.
A bench of Justices A K Sikri and Ashok Bhushan which had reserved its verdict earlier on August 28, said that bursting of crackers on Diwali will be allowed between 8 PM to 10 PM
"There will be a total ban on the sale and use of all kinds of firecrackers during COVID-19 pandemic in the NCR and all cities/towns in the country where the ambient air quality falls under the 'poor' and above category," the bench said.
The minister launched an "anti-cracker" campaign and inspected various places to ensure that only "green" firecrackers are manufactured and sold in the city.
The government had already issued guidelines on December 17 ahead of Christmas and New Year, citing the prevailing COVID-19 situation. The guidelines prohibits parties, special DJ dance programmes and special events at clubs, pubs, restaurants and other places that attract people in large numbers without social distancing from December 30 to January 2.
Meanwhile, Dr. K Sudhakar, Karnataka Health Minister said, during New Year celebrations people congregate in large numbers in public places in Bengaluru and other urban areas.
The principal bench of the NGT on Monday unequivocally imposed a total ban on sale and use of firecrackers in all "cities and towns where the average ambient air quality in November last year was "poor or worse".
The ban will come into effect from midnight of Nov 9 and will last until midnight of Nov 30.
In 2018, the Supreme Court had banned the use of polluting firecrackers and allowed the sale of "green" firecrackers in a bid to control air pollution.
"In pursuance of the NGT order dated November 9 and considering the concerns of air quality scenario in the NCR and its adverse health impact, the Commission directed CPCB, concerned state governments and authorities for strict compliance of the directions of NGT, with zero tolerance on violation," it said.
The CM also urged the people to refrain from bursting firecrackers even though the state government has allowed a two-hour window in this regard, to check the spread of pollution which could further aggravate the coronavirus situation.
A division bench headed by Justice A K Menon accepted the statement and disposed of a public interest litigation filed by a Pune resident seeking a complete ban on firecrackers in the state from November 10 to November 20.
CAIT in a statement demanded that Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal and chief ministers of other states should "compensate the firecracker traders for the losses they have accrued due to ban on sale of firecrackers".
The tribunal was hearing a plea by Indian Social Responsibility Network, filed through Santosh Gupta, seeking action against pollution by use of fire crackers in NCR during the time air quality is unsatisfactory with potential of severity of COVID-19 pandemic.
In a Facebook post addressed to Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray and Environment Minister Aaditya Thackeray, activist and founder of NGO Awaaz Foundation Sumaira Abdulali cited the "extremely high" noise levels of firecrackers tested jointly with MPCB in 2019, which make them "unsuitable" for use in residential areas.
Hindus have right to celebrate festivals and Assam govt has no plan to restrict: Himanta Biswa Sarma
Himanta tweeted, “Like any other religion, Hindus have the right to celebrate festivals. With improvement in #COVID19 situation in Assam,we plan no restrictions on celebration including use of #Firecrackers. However, kindly remember, self-restraint is key to combat #COVID19.”
Senior advocate Raj Panjawani and advocate Shibhani Ghosh, who have been appointed by the tribunal as amicus curiae in a case related to ban on fire crackers, told a bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice A K Goel that particulate air pollution contributed 15 per cent to COVID-19 mortality worldwide.
Officials at the India Meteorological Department said the air quality had improved on Monday with high wind speed aiding dispersion of pollutants. However, stagnant night-time conditions led to the accumulation of pollutants.
Several states had banned sale and use of firecrackers this year citing the COVID-19 pandemic and environment concerns with the decision coming as a blow to the industry.
"Police have stopped us from opening the shops we had stocked with hundreds of kilograms of firecrackers. This is a seasonal item and will be worthless if not sold in next 1-2 months," said a firecracker trader in Jama Masjid area. The traders said temporary licences were issued by authorities for up to 650 kg of firecrackers but normally they purchase 400-500 kg in view of safety and demand in the market.
Governments have banned crackers as bursting these will lead to a spike in air pollution and that, with the winter air, could affect Covid patients. Besides, discouraging people from getting together to burst crackers would also help in controlling the spread of the infection.
Citing concerns over rising unemployment, Supreme Court says can’t deprive people of jobs, food.
Supreme Court modifies timing for bursting firecrackers on Diwali in TN, Puducherry; retains 2 hour cap
In its October 23 order, the court had ordered that bursting of firecrackers on Diwali and other festivals would be only from 8 PM to 10 PM.
Even if violated widely, Supreme Court order on firecrackers is good starting point for change: Experts
Firecrackers were burst before and well after the 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. window on Wednesday, ordered by the Supreme Court, and more were let off with impunity on Thursday also.
The SAFAR had warned that even if partial toxic firecrackers as compare to last year were burnt, then the air quality would fall in the severe category.
A bench comprising Justices AK Sikri and Ashok Bhushan permitted to make local variations but did not extend the time to burst crackers.
Mumbaikars also welcomed the ban, with some activists suggesting a calibrated approach towards Diwali celebrations in the metropolis that has a diverse population.
Every year Maharashtra Pollution Control Board carries out a test of firecrackers at an open ground in the presence of environment activists and record the sound.
Around 1.5 million lawyers across the country are on a strike Tuesday demanding among other things insurance cover and housing.
SC granted one more opportunity to ArcelorMittal and Russia's VTB Bank-promoted Numetal to bid for Essar Steel, provided the two pay off the NPA's of their related corporate debtors within two weeks.
Partly as a result of smoke from crackers, the overall air quality index (AQI) in Delhi jumped to 574 which falls in the "severe-plus emergency" category
The bans were extended by the Supreme Court-appointed agency on the recommendations of a Central Pollution Control Board-led task force, which reviews the national capital's air quality.
The overall Air Quality Index (AQI) was recorded at 302 at 11 pm, which fell in the very poor category, according to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).